Juveniles and the Death Penalty

ROPER v. SIMMONS, No. 03-0633

In March 2005, the United States Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty for those who had committed their crimes at under 18 years of age was cruel and unusual punishment and hence barred by the Constitution. For more information, see: Roper v. Simmons Resource Page

PRIOR TO Roper v. Simmons:


(Relies on Prof. Victor Streib's research and reports.  See his final report, "The Juvenile Death Penalty Today" (Oct. 7, 2005))


Age and Race Characteristics of Offenders and Victims

Case Summaries of Juvenile Offenders Who Were on Death Row

The Legal Context

Juvenile Offenders Executed, By State

States That Try Juveniles As Adults


Juvenile Offenders Executed in the United States in the Modern Era

Juvenile Offenders Executed in Other Countries Since 1990

Juvenile News and Developments - Current Year

Juvenile News and Developments - Previous Years

2016 2015 2014 2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000


American Bar Association Juvenile Justice Center

Evolving Standards of Decency (PDF)

Adolescent Brain Development and Legal Culpability (PDF)

Fact Sheet: Edward Capetillo, Whose scheduled execution in Texas for March 30, 2004 has been stayed.

Amnesty International

"The Exclusion of Child Offenders from the Death Penalty Under General International Law"

"Indecent and Internationally Illegal: the Death Penalty Against Child Offenders"

Time Magazine Article, "What Makes Teens Tick," May 10, 2004

Scripps Howard News Service Article, "New research shows stark differences in teen brains," May 11, 2004

Wall Street Journal Article, "Psychiatrists Question Death for Teen Killers," May 26, 2004